Le prochain séminaire du laboratoire aura lieu le lundi 18 mars à partir de 14h00, à l'Université de Nantes, salle T118

Maria Luisa Lima,
ISCTE- University Institute of Lisban

Titre : Siting “Bad facilities”: A psychosocial approach to the technicians’ and local communities’ perspectives

Résumé : Locating facilities such as nuclear waste repositories, waste incinerators or dams has been seen as a challenge for urban planners or politicians, and a source of conflict and worry for local residents. For many years I had the opportunity of participating in different processes of building some of these “bad facilities”: big projects with huge environmental and landscape impact. These projects were developed including not only the technical perspective but also the evaluation of the residents perspective. In this seminar, based on my experience in different environmental conflicts,  I want to show how social and environmental psychology can contribute to understand these dynamic processes.
Our role in these projects was to characterize the attitudes of the local communities towards the project. In different contexts we showed the importance of perceived threat, perceived justice and local identity to understand the acceptance of the facility (Lima, 2006; Lima & Marques, 2005; Marques et al., 2015) and the adaptation to live near it (Lima, 2004a; Marques & Lima, 2011).
Often, the perspective of the local residents was different from the one of the technicians and promoters of the project. There is abundant literature stressing the potential benefits of the involvement of the public in such environmental conflicts, but there is also many studies showing that it is difficult to implement successfully (Lima, Moreira & Marques, 2012). We also studied some social psychological processes that can explain the barriers to participation from the managers and technicians point of view (namely de-humanization) (Lima, 2004b; Lima et al, 2018).

References :

Lima, M.L. (2004a). On the influence of risk perception on mental health: Living near an incinerator. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(1), 71-84.
Lima, M.L. (2004b). Images of the Public in the Debates about Risk: Consequences for Participation. Portuguese Journal of Social Science, 2(3), 149-163.
Lima, M.L. (2006). Predictors of Attitudes towards the Construction of a Waste Incinerator: Two Case Studies. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 441-466
Lima, M.L., & Marques, S.  (2005). Towards successful SIA follow-up: a case study of psychosocial monitoring of a solid waste incinerator in the North of Portugal. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 23(3), 227-233.
Lima, M.L., Marques, S., Branco, C., Talayero, F., & Camilo, C. (2018) Competent enough to be heard? Technician’s expectations about local stakeholders in participative processes. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 67(3), 557-585.  DOI: 10.1111/apps.12123
Lima, M.L., Moreira, S., & Marques, S. (2012). Participatory Community Involvement in Planning Processes of Building Project - A Social Psychological Approach . Umweltpsychologie, 16(1), 68-87
Marques, S., & Lima, M.L. (2011). Living in grey areas: Industrial activity and psychological health. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31 (4), 314-322.
Marques, S., Lima, M.L., Moreira, S., & Reis, J. (2015). Local Identity as an Amplifier: Testing its Moderating role in the Relationship between Perceived Justice and Attitudes towards New Projects. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 44(4), 63–73.